Petroleum chemical industry abbreviation is petrochemical industry, petrochemical industry is a basic industry, it provides supporting facilities and service for agriculture, energy,transportation, machinery, electronics, textile, light industry, construction, building materials industry and people's daily life.
It enjoyes a critical position in the national economy. It is an important component of the chemical industry and plays an important role in the development of national economy. It is one of the pillar industries in china. Petrochemical refers to the industry of petrolic and petrochemical products made from raw materials of petroleum and natural gas.
Petroleum products, also known as oil products, mainly include various fuels oil (gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil),lubricating oil and liquefied petroleum gas, petroleum coke, paraffin and asphalt. The process of producing these products is often referred to as petroleum refining, or refining. The process of producing these products is often referred to as petroleum refining, or refining. The first step is decomposition of raw materials of oil and gas (such as propane, gasoline and diesel) in order to get basic chemical products of ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene and xylene and other representative materials. The second step is to produce a variety of organic chemical raw materials (about 200 kinds) and synthetic materials (plastics, synthetic fibers, synthetic rubber) from basic chemical raw materials. The production of these two steps belongs to the scope of petrochemical industry.
Organic chemical raw materials can be processed to produce more varieties of chemical products, which are not in the scope of petrochemical industry.In some data, natural gas, light gasoline and heavy oil are used as raw materials to synthesize ammonia, urea, or even nitric acid, which is also included in the petrochemical industry. Oil (gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil and lubricating oil) and liquefied petroleum gas, petroleum coke, paraffin and asphalt.
The basic petrochemical raw materials include 4 types: alkynes (acetylene), olefins (ethylene, propylene, butene and butadiene) and aromatics (benzene, toluene and xylene) and synthesis gas. A variety of important organic chemical products and synthetic materials, natural gas chemical industry can be made from these raw materials.
The chemical industry using natural gas as raw material is called natural gas chemical industry. The main contents are as follows: 1) carbon black made from natural gas; 2) extraction helium from natural gas; 3) Hydrogen from natural gas; 4) ammonia from natural gas; 5) methanol from natural gas; 6) acetylene production from natural gas; 7) methane chloride from natural gas; 8) carbon tetrachloride from natural gas 9) natural gas; gas nitro methane; carbon disulfide gas; 10) 11) ethylene from natural gas; 12) sulfur made from natural gas etc.
Refineries can be divided into 4 types. 1) fuel oil type, productive gasoline, kerosene, light and heavy diesel and boiler fuel. 2) fuel oil type, in addition to producing a variety of fuel oil, but also produces a variety of lubricants. 3) fuel chemical type, mainly in the products of fuel oil and chemical products. 4) fuel lubricant chemical type, it is a comprehensive refinery, producing both fuels, chemicals or products, and producing lubricants at the same time.
Shanghai FARFLY can provide services for petrochemical industries, products are exported to 80 countries and regions, sales leader in the industry.
We have a variety of advanced processing equipments, strict management and inspection, long-term stability of quality suppliers, experienced design team, supplying customers with qualified pre-sale,sale, after-sales services even beyond their expeectation.
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